Acne treatment

Acne treatment

Acne vulgaris is among the most frequent dermatological diseases. It develops in hair follicles that accumulate the sebum secreted by sebaceous (oil) glands.

Healthy skin produces a small amount of sebum which is secreted onto the surface of the skin. Proper amount of sebum makes the skin adequately moisturised and oiled. The levels of sebum production are controlled by hormones.

In the case of acne, sebaceous glands secrete an excessive amount of sebum, leading to seborrhoea and plugging of the sebaceous duct. Such plugs of sebum and layers of keratinised epidermis form comedoes (or blackheads). They become red and tender to touch if inflammation develops within their area.

One of the variations of acne vulgaris is papular acne, which is closely associated with puberty in teenagers. Juvenile acne appears during puberty and is directly associated with changes in hormonal balance. Skin lesions can emerge even in infancy – this is known as neonatal acne which usually requires no treatment and tends to gradually subside. Another type of acne is phlegmonous (purulent) acne, characterised by purulent cysts accompanying typical acne lesions of the skin. Cysts develop as a result of complications that arise after inflammation.

Acne eruptions can be divided into non-inflammatory (open and closed comedoes) and inflammatory ones (papulae, pustules, lumps, cysts and purulent cysts).

Acne treatment is extremely important because neglecting the condition may leave permanent marks such as acne scars and discolorations. Moreover, it often leads to emotional disorders. Acne is prevalent in sebaceous areas, most commonly affecting the regions with the highest concentration of sebaceous glands, i.e. the face, the interscapular area or the shoulders. The typical symptoms include comedoes, papulae, pustules and purulent cysts, which are commonly referred to pimples and blackheads. Facial acne is the most common, but acne can also appear on the back and shoulders, as well as on the neckline.

The Healthy Skin Centre offers pharmacological and laser-based treatment of acne and its complications.

 

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