Allergy tests are designed to confirm the antigen(s) responsible for the patient’s allergic reactions. Based on medical history and examination, a physician chooses which tests should be performed and with what allergens in order to assess sensitisation in a given patient.
Routine allergy diagnostics primarily involves two types of tests: skin prick tests and epidermal patch tests, which differ in the type of immunological response that occurs during the tests, the procedures in administering the tests and the time of reading the results.
Inhalation and food skin prick tests
These tests are particularly helpful in diagnosing sensitisation to aeroallergens, or airborne allergens, such as pollens (from grass, trees and weeds), house dust mite, animal fur allergens or moulds. They are also applied in the identification of allergens responsible for allergic and perennial (year-round) rhino-conjunctivitis and asthma.
Moreover, skin prick tests can be performed using food allergens, which makes them particularly useful among little patients with suspected food allergies.
These tests are usually done on the forearm, on a section of skin without any pathological eruptions.
The results are read 20 minutes after the application of the tests, upon comparing them with control samples.
Skin prick tests are safe and reliable.
They should be done in a symptom-free period (determined individually for each patient). The patient should not be on anti-histamine (anti-allergic) medicines.. These medicines should be discontinued approx. 1—2 weeks before the tests.
In the case of children, because it is necessary to cooperate, skin prick tests (SPT) are recommended for children aged 4 or more.
The result of the tests is reliable provided that the patient complies with the following recommendations before the tests:
Before the test
On the day of the test
skin revitalisation plan
Strengthens the hair
and prevents hair loss
Effective removal of cellulite
and excessive fat tissue
for your skin
Development of an
individual diet plan
of the skin’s appearance
The Healthy Skin Centre ul. Racławicka 27 02-601 Warsaw